SECTION 1. The judicial power of the Jeffersonian Republic, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the Supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.
SECTION 2. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the Jeffersonian Republic, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to which the Jeffersonian Republic shall be a party; to controversies between two or more Provinces, between a Province and Citizens or Subjects of another Province, between Citizens or Subjects of different Provinces, between Citizens or Subjects of the same Province claiming lands under grants of different Provinces, and between a Province, or the Citizens or Subjects thereof, and foreign Provinces, citizens or subjects.
In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a state shall be a party, the supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases beforementioned, the supreme court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to Law and fact, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress shall make.
The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the Province where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any Province, the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress may by Law have directed.
SECTION 3. Treason against the Jeffersonian Republic, shall only consist, except as otherwise specified herein, in levying war against the Jeffersonian Republic, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No Person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on open confession in open court.
The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture except during the life of the Person attainted.