The Constitution of the Jeffersonian Republic:
Article I - Definitions and Citizenship

This page Copyright 2016, Karl Leffler
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THE CONSTITUTION OF THE JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLIC

We the People of the Jeffersonian Republic, in order to form a more perfect society, establish Justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common Defense, restrain the inevitable evils of Government, and secure the blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do Ordain and Establish this Constitution for the Jeffersonian Republic.

ARTICLE I - DEFINITIONS and CITIZENSHIP

SECTION 1. There shall be no distinction herein between gender or race for the purposes of defining the Rights and Responsibilities of a Citizen or Subject. The words 'he' and 'his' will be used for convenience when referring to individual Citizens, Subjects, or Persons.

SECTION 2. The term 'the People' shall refer to all free Citizens and Subjects of the Jeffersonian Republic collectively, and to each individually. The word 'Person' shall refer to any being sufficiently self-aware to claim the status and to recognize and respect it in others. The word 'Citizen' shall refer to an individual Full or Provisional Citizen of the Jeffersonian Republic. The word 'Subject' shall refer to an individual Subject of the Jeffersonian Republic.

The word 'Government' shall refer to any branch or office of government for the Jeffersonian Republic, or territory subject to its jurisdiction, at the Federal, Planetary, Provincial, Local, or any other level. Government shall have no power or authority, no area of interest or of responsibility, not expressly enumerated and explicitly specified by this Constitution. Any act of government outside the bounds of this Constitution shall be null and void, and the People shall have the right to resist any such act by any and all necessary means.

SECTION 3. The Militia of the Jeffersonian Republic shall consist of the Organized Militia and the Unorganized Militia.

The Organized Militia shall consist of all forces and personnel maintained by the Space Patrol, and the Exploration and Colonization Service, and official regional or planetary Militias as defined by the Department of Defense.

In time of war or emergency, Congress may by declaration cause the Space Patrol and equivalent elements of local Organized Militias to be federalized as the Jeffersonian Republic Navy, and the Exploration and Colonization Service and equivalent elements of local Organized Militias to be federalized as the Jeffersonian Republic Marine Corps, for the duration of the war or emergency, at the end of which time they shall return to their previous status. Each member of the Organized Militia not on active duty shall be required to maintain at their place of residence, ready for immediate use, the standard-issue weapon and combat load of the Space Patrol or Exploration and Colonization Service, or equivalent weapon and/or equipment for that member's specialty if any. While in uniform and on active duty, every member of the Organized Militia shall be armed for the defense of themselves, their fellow Citizens and Subjects, and the Republic.

Every person enlisting in the Organized Militia shall, within 30 Monticellan days of enlistment, be required to demonstrate a familiarity with and understanding of this Constitution, and his duties in its defense.

The Unorganized Militia shall consist of all able-bodied Full or Provisional Citizens of the Jeffersonian Republic. In time of war or emergency, the Unorganized Militia may be called to service under the authority and discipline of the Organized Militia, and integrated into the Organized Militia for the duration of the war or emergency, at the end of which time they shall be discharged from service.

SECTION 4. No Person shall be a Full Citizen of the Jeffersonian Republic, unless he: has completed five Monticellan years service in the Organized Militia, or eight years otherwise in Government service; fluently, as defined by the Department of Citizenship, speaks, understands, reads and writes the Jeffersonian English language; and can demonstrate competency in all areas of skill and knowledge as required by the Department of Citizenship. Furthermore, Full Citizenship must be maintained by a return to Militia or other Government service every five Monticellan years, for a length of two Monticellan months for military and three for non-military service.

A Full Citizen of the Jeffersonian Republic shall enjoy all the Rights and Responsibilities of that status, including but not limited to: the Right to vote in all public elections; the Right to be elected or appointed to Public Office; the Responsibility to lend assistance to fellow Citizens or Subjects whom they witness as being in immediate physical danger; the Responsibility to intervene against any criminal act they may witness; and all Rights, Liberties and Responsibilities described in the Declaration of Rights herein.

No Person shall be a Provisional Citizen of the Jeffersonian Republic except while actively striving, as defined by the Department of Citizenship, to earn Full Citizenship.

A Provisional Citizen of the Jeffersonian Republic shall enjoy the same Rights and Responsibilities as a Full Citizen, except that he: may not vote in any but general elections; and may not be elected or appointed to Public Office.

No Person shall be a Subject of the Jeffersonian Republic, unless he: was born, or has resided for at least one year, in the Jeffersonian Republic or territory subject to its jurisdiction; is born outside the Jeffersonian Republic or its territories, to at least one parent who has earned Full or Provisional Citizenship in the Jeffersonian Republic; or has otherwise been accepted as a Subject by the Department of Citizenship. Every Subject will be expected to strive toward earning Full Citizenship, though no Subject shall be compelled to do so against his will.

A Subject of the Jeffersonian Republic: may not vote in elections of the Jeffersonian Republic, or territory subject to its jurisdiction; will be required to report immediately to a Citizen or Militiaman, any criminal act, or Person in immediate physical danger, he may witness, and will be expected to lend all reasonable assistance in such situations.

Dual or multiple citizenship or subjectry shall be prohibited. No Person shall be a Citizen of the Jeffersonian Republic while claiming citizenship or subjectry in, or owing fealty to, any foreign power, and the Oath of Citizenship shall require the Citizen to renounce any such foreign citizenship, subjectry, or fealty.

SECTION 5. Every Citizen shall be expected to be armed and equipped for the defense of themselves and the Republic, but shall not be compelled to bear arms against religious or philosophical belief, and conscription shall be prohibited throughout the Jeffersonian Republic or territory subject to its jurisdiction.

Being inevitably prone to the abuse and expansion of its powers, no police or equivalent organization shall exist within the Jeffersonian Republic or territory subject to its jurisdiction, except military police, in time of peace only within military facilities, and in occupied enemy territory in time, and only for the duration, of declared war or forcible occupation as a necessary result of declared war.

Each Person shall be expected to defend themselves and their property. The use of deadly force, by individual Persons, including on behalf of a third party, shall be authorized, and shall not be subject to any criminal or civil penalty, when used against any person provably committing or attempting to commit an act of murder, rape, kidnapping, assault, robbery, burglary, piracy, terrorism, slavery, or other such crimes as may by legislation be designated. Such force shall also be authorized, and not subject to penalty, when used against any officer or agent of government who commits or attempts to commit such crimes, including commission of such crimes under color of authority or in violation of this Constitution.

No officer or agent of government shall be immune from prosecution for any act committed contrary to this Constitution, including acts committed during performance of official duties, nor shall any officer or agent of government operating in a public capacity have an expectation of privacy or be immune from observation or recording by any other person.

No Person shall have the duty to retreat from a criminal, but shall be expected to vigorously defend themselves against any attacker.

SECTION 6. The system for dating and measuring time for this Constitution, and for all official business of the Jeffersonian Republic, shall be based upon or converted to the calendar of Monticello. The official language of the Jeffersonian Republic shall be Jeffersonian English.


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